All About Bedsore Prevention and Care
Our nation has a sizable population of senior citizens, making it crucial to invest in their health and well-being. Elderly care can become quite important since every action we take has to be in consideration with their advanced age and the fact that they will recuperate from injuries more slowly than younger people do. Additionally, as people age, their bodies weaken and become more vulnerable to illnesses, diseases, and infections because they have less immunity to fight them. They consequently grow reliant on other people for support and care. It is even more tough to take care of their well-being when confined to beds.
Pressure ulcers/sores are commonly observed due to their restricted and less movement. Pressure/bed sores caused due to prolonged exposure to body parts can deteriorate the quality of life. Hence bedsore care and prevention becomes critical while taking care of our loved ones who are bedridden or are suffering from an illness that makes them immobile. Another case where people run this issue is when suffering from any long-term/terminal illness that might keep them restricted to bed like Cancer, where the patient has to undergo treatments and chemo sessions.
Before we delve deeper, let us understand sores in detail -
Pressure on a specific place over time causes pressure sores/bed sores to form. Pressure or rubbing of skin with bedsheet causes the skin to degrade. Continuous stress reduces blood supply to the area, which causes the skin to die and leads to the development of a sore.
Who is more susceptible?
On continued pressure on the same area, a sore will form. Therefore, those with limited mobility are more likely to develop pressure or bedsores. Some of the circumstances include:
1. A person who is confined to a bed or uses a wheelchair
2. Senior citizens
3. Someone who needs assistance to move a particular body part
4. You suffer from conditions that affect blood flow, such as diabetes or vascular conditions
- What are the symptoms of Bedsores?
Pressure sore symptoms can be characterized by their severity. Stage I is the mildest, with a reddened, painful area on the skin. Stage II results in the formation of blisters or opening of the sore. If left untreated, it progresses to the third Stage, where body fat is exposed when a hole forms in the affected location. Finally, the most severe Stage, IV, begins to attack the muscles, bones, and occasionally veins and tendons.
Here are a few methods for caring for individuals who are bedridden or have bedsores:
Maintain their fundamental hygiene and grooming
Patients who are bedridden or seriously unwell have a limited range of motion. Therefore, helping them maintain their hygiene and carry out basic chores like brushing, bathing, taking care of their requirements, etc. Make sure they adhere to the fundamental hygienic requirements. Additionally, it is necessary to maintain well-trimmed fingers and toenails. Basic hygiene upkeep can go a long way because it prevents infections and fosters a joyful and alert mindset.
Maintain good bed hygiene
As they spend most of their time in bed, it is important to maintain good bed hygiene. Using clean, dry sheets and changing your bed linens on time is crucial. One must also ensure their bed is placed in a ventilated area with ample sunlight, as dark and damp areas can attract bed bugs. Cotton bedsheets are preferable. In case of no to very little moment, one can opt for air mattress or water beds to aid a comfortable experience.
A healthy, well-balanced diet and proper water intake is essential! It greatly benefits those who have additional comorbidities and helps maintain the vitals on track. Recognize the diet their doctor has advised, and keep an eye on their eating habits to ensure you're giving them the right amount, variety, and food frequency.
Relive the pressure
Use pillows, foam cushions, air mattresses, air/water pads, etc., to reduce the pressure on the bedsore prone area. Depending on the type of wound and affected area, you can choose the material and shape of the foam. You can also seek help from your doctor. Assist the patient in shifting positions to ease the strain on the wound. To stop the wound from spreading, keep it dry and well-ventilated.
One can use bed sore gel and bedsore treatment ointments to manage bedsores and prevent spreading of skin infection. Keeping the wound clean and dry is vital to prevent it from spreading further.
To prevent and lessen discomfort in people, Amaterasu Lifesciences provides specialized products. With their innovative Soreze gel, the nation's first silicone-based bedsore prevention product. It creates a breathable and water repellent barrier shield of defense on the skin, which lessens friction and leaves the skin feeling smooth. It reduces friction between skin and bed and inhibits direct contact of skin with urine or stool. Go to the link to learn more about them!